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See Appendix 1, Table 3 for average mechanical properties for small clear specimens. Oregon white oaks may live 500 years. Ironwood is a common name for many woods or plants that have a reputation for hardness, or specifically a wood density that is heavier than water (approximately 1000 kg/m 3, or 62 pounds per cubic foot), although usage of the name ironwood in English may or may not indicate a tree that yields such heavy wood. Nearly white to light brown sapwood is not always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. R. Burns, tech compil. Its many forest-product plants produce a major portion of the country’s softwood lumber, much of its soft plywood, and large quantities of hardboard, pulp, and paper.Nationally, Oregon ranks at or near the top among all states in the production of wood products. Suitability and Productivity of Sites Oregon white oak is particularly suited to exposed, droughty sites at the margins of more productive forest land. Ash. Comments: Traditionally known by the name Satine, it’s no wonder that the wood (now more commonly called Bloodwood) has grown so popular as an imported wood species. Some pieces have small checks on the faces or ends. Large oaks have thick bark and are resistant to fire. Check out the National Hardwood Lumber Association for ways to support sustainable forestry. 1992. It has characteristics similar to both oak and chestnut. it is not a member of the genus Abies).There are three varieties: coast Douglas-fir (P. menziesii var. Oregon (Douglas Fir) has long been recognised throughout Canada and the United States as one of the strongest softwoods on the market. Published December 1974. The transition to latewood is abrupt. Site Preparation and Vegetative Management Cultivated seedlings of Oregon white oak grow rapidly and do not display the prolonged shrub stage observed for many wild seedlings. Redwood Lumber Characteristics. Uses Oregon white oak is used for furniture, flooring, railroad ties, tight cooperage, turnings, veneer (sliced), millwork, fence posts, mine timbers, handles, boxes, crates, pallets, caskets, pulp chips, and fuelwood. All other 100 to 200 species of Lithocarpusare native to southeast Asia or Malaysia. I have been using pallets. Coastal Indicator Plants of British Columbia. The … Redwood Lumber Characteristics. Cook Woods is a family owned and operated company in Southern Oregon. Because its physical and mechanical properties are so balanced, it rates highly for nearly all wood-machining processes. The capability of a site for growing Oregon white oak should be evaluated by examining growth and form of older trees. when fully developed. Tolerance, Crown Position Oregon white oak is generally intolerant, although this depends on the environment and associated vegetation. The earlywood pores are plugged with a membranous growth known as tyloses, which makes the wood impenetrable to fluids. Its reddish brown color often looks similar to Cherry. The sapwood is nearly white and is wide. Development of Oregon white oak seedlings. Stumps should be cut low to the ground in order to produce well-formed sprouts of good quality. The shoot of natural seedlings often remains small and shrubby for many years, perhaps to accommodate development of deep roots. Kennedy and Thomas A. After a century of fire exclusion, many acres have progressed from open Oregon white oak, to closed white oak, to Douglas-fir. Rot, checks, and cross-grain have been problems in the lumber. Oregon white oak is ring porous; the earlywood pores are large and distinct, forming a conspicuous band with each growth ring. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, oak has been reported as a sensitizer. The root system of this species is composed of a deep taproot and well-developed laterals. General Technical Report PSW54. It shows good potential for management in closed, even-aged stands, as indicated by the relatively good stand growth and high stem quality in closed stands established after the exclusion of fire. Tests have shown juniper wood to machine, glue, and finish well. Medium to fine texture. Timber Inventory A substantial inventory of Oregon white oak (450 MMCF) is distributed throughout western Oregon and northwestern California. It is well distributed throughout the valleys west of the Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada on inland slopes of the Coast ranges. Often referred to as Douglas Fir or Oregon, this reddish brown wood is imported from North America. Sustainable Northwest Wood is proud to partner with small mills to mill and dry tanoak, a special hardwood species native to Southern Oregon and Northern California. Greasewood is a common name shared by several plants: . machining of wood with the removal of chips is based on this feature - sawing, milling, turning, grinding, and without removing material - cutting materials on shears, punching, chopping or bundling of wood - wood for logs, wood chips on the needle-shaped shaving, a big chip on the micro - and fibrous. I’m working my way alphabetically by botanical name, so check out the latest added wood to see where I’m at in the queue! Within its range, mean daily temperatures may vary from lows of 13 to 50 "F in January to highs of 60 to 84°F in July. Adenostoma fasciculatum is a plant with white flowers that is native to Oregon, Nevada, California, and northern Baja California.This shrub is one of the most widespread plants of the chaparral biome. An engineered composite panel wood product made from 100% recycled Ponderosa pine and associated species of western wood particles formed and bonded with an interior resin. I would like to see more on how to identify reclaimed wood species. In more open stands and on poor sites, boles are typically short and crooked; shrubby stands of stunted trees are common. I am making a hardwood floor. Western hemlock also is harder, stronger, straighter-grained, and resin-free. Iron stains form when tannins contact certain metals, and grey sapwood staining will result if there is poor air circulation. Both acorns and foliage provide high-protein food for many animals. characteristics of the wood particles in this material. You can work hemlock easily with hand or power tools. Two of note are the acorn woodpecker and Merriam’s wild turkey. Although it can reproduce in its own shade, Oregon white oak will die after overtopping by Douglas-fir. Horntails, also known as wood wasps, are a group of insects that belong to the Siricidae family. Effects of release from suppression on wood functional characteristics in young Douglas-fir and western hemlock Public Deposited. For commercial purposes, Oregon white oak is classed with the other white oaks in USDA Forest Service nomenclature. Its usual height is 280 to 325 feet, but one specimen has been measured at 360 feet. spiny wood fern - Dryopteris expansa. I think the correct description of our walnut is that it is a hybrid of Juglans Nigra and Juglans Hindsii. The coast redwood, Sequoia sempervirens, is the tallest tree species in the world. The acorns ripen from August to November during the first season after flowering. The average specific gravity is 0.72 (green) or 0.75 (ovendry). Oregon varies greatly in terms of elevation, temperature, wind, rainfall and soil composition. This lumber is kiln dried and has been surfaced on two sides. Grain is generally straight, with a pronounced difference in colour between earlywood and latewood that results in a highly distinctive figure on back-sawn surfaces. The dry wood is has no characteristic odor or taste. Performance of Oregon white oak has been poor to fair in limited outplanting trials, however. Machining Species in the white oak group, including Oregon white oak, generally machine well. Oregon ash wood is ring porous; the earlywood vessels are large, forming a band that is 2 to 4 pores in width and distinctly visible to the naked eye. University of British Columbia - Faculty of Forestry. Rot Resistance: Good rot resistance: frequently used in boatbuilding applications. Dead wood patterns and dynamics vary with biophysical factors, disturbance history, ownership, and management practices; the relative importance of these factors is poorly understood, especially at landscape to regional scales. Extensive stands of small, shrubby white oak, often mixed with Pacific madrone, grow on sites that are often too dry to support any other tree species. Timber Characteristics. Relationships: There are about 65 species of Ashes, mostly in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. One episode of anthracnose disease (Gnomonia quericina) appeared to cause significant damage in Washington in 1968. Characteristics Oregon white oak is a hard, heavy wood that has distinct growth rings and very prominent rays. All true firs have the following characteristics: The sapwood is whitish to light brown; the heartwood is a pale, yellowish, grey-brown, often with a slight greenish cast. The broad rays are readily visible to the naked eye and are separated by several to many narrow rays. Experience with other white oaks indicates that with vigorous nursery stock, Oregon white oak has good potential for management in plantations. The wood is also quite hard for a softwood: about 35% harder than ponderosa pine, but only about ½ as hard as red oak. Rebecca S.H. There are 30 native coniferous species and 37 native species of broadleaf trees. Conversely, Red Oak tends to be slightly redder, but is by no means a reliable method of determining the type of oak. Numerous pathogens attack Oregon white oak. They must be kept cool and moist until germination. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. This commonly occurs on heavy clays, coarse-textured flood plains, and river terraces in the interior valleys. 1990. The curly grain can make tiger maple less stable than straight grained maple. 1992. Oregon ash is also common under these conditions. Characteristics: Heartwood nearly white with slight tinge of red. physical characteristics of some juniper species in New P4exico and Arizona stated that veneer turned or sliced makes an attractive product. They plane well (87 percent defect-free pieces), turn well (85 percent defect-free) and yield accurately sized, smooth-sided holes when bored and mortised. Commercial meters of all types must conform to the legal requirements set forth in ORS 646 and OAR 603-027, however only those used to sell fuel are required to be licensed. PLUMB, T.R., and P.M. McDONALD. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Although germination usually occurs in spring, seeds will germinate soon after dispersal under warm, moist conditions; they also germinate prematurely in cool, moist storage. Characteristics Oregon white oak is a hard, heavy wood that has distinct growth rings and very prominent rays. Green MC of the wood is generally 67 to 72 percent (ovendry). Following is a list of common hardwoods and their characteristics. Pricing/Availability: Slightly more expensive than Red Oak, White Oak is in good/sustainable supply and is moderately priced. Distribution: Pacific Northwestern United States. Mechanical Properties of Clear Straight-Grained Wood 4–26 Natural Characteristics Affecting Mechanical Properties 4–27 Specific Gravity 4–27 Knots 4–27 Slope of Grain 4–28 Annual Ring Orientation 4–30 Reaction Wood 4–31 Juvenile Wood 4–32 Compression Failures 4–33 Pitch Pockets 4–33 Bird Peck 4–33 Extractives 4–33 Seed Oregon white oak has large acorns, which are about 1.2 in. HIBBS, D.E., and B.J. Its many forest-product plants produce a major portion of the country’s softwood lumber, much of its soft plywood, and large quantities of hardboard, pulp, and paper.Nationally, Oregon ranks at or near the top among all states in the production of wood products. California-laurel is the only tree of the family Lauraceae found in the western United States. The bushy-tailed woodrat, or packrat (Neotoma cinerea) is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae found in Canada and the United States. The most damaging insect is the western oak looper (Lambdina fiscellaria somniaria), which can defoliate trees over large areas; tent caterpillars also have a preference for oak. Despite its common name, it is not a true fir (i.e. The study had three objec-tives: (1) describe current regional amounts of several characteristics of dead wood; (2) compare dead wood amounts across ownerships; (3) determine the rela-tionship of dead wood … Height growth is usually less than 1 ft per year and diameter growth is often 15 to 20 rings/in. Ironwood is a common name for many woods or plants that have a reputation for hardness, or specifically a wood density that is heavier than water (approximately 1000 kg/m 3, or 62 pounds per cubic foot), although usage of the name ironwood in English may or may not indicate a tree that yields such heavy wood. Distribution: Oregon Ash is found from […] Healthy Oregon white oak are not prone to windthrow or breakage. Latewood pores are small, barely visible to the naked eye. Product Recovery Sawlogs usually have a minimum small-end diameter of 8 in., smaller logs are chipped for pulp. Western hemlock also is harder, stronger, straighter-grained, and resin-free. Oregon white oak is an early successional species on better sites, where it is replaced by Douglas-fir and bigleaf maple in the absence of fire. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC. Oregon Department of Agriculture / Programs / Internal Services and Consumer Protection / About Internal Services and Consumer Protection About Internal Services and Consumer Protection Menu Oregon.gov USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California. Iron stain and oxidative stain sometimes occur on Oregon white oak. While Alder is often used to mimic Cherry, its rich tone is beautiful. Color/Appearance: Heartwood color can be variable, from light orangish brown to gray or olive, sometimes with darker streaks present. On good bottomland sites, mature trees can attain diameter… In crosscutting, however, expect some tearout. I’m slowly grinding my way through roughly 800 wood species that have still yet to be listed on the site. Limited tests indicate rates of viability that are greater than 75 percent. What Are the Building Qualities of Fir Wood?. Mixed-species Stands Competitive associates such as Douglas-fir and bigleaf maple must be controlled to maintain Oregon white oak on better sites. Cherry is a deciduous hardwood that possesses a fine, straight grain ranging from reddish brown to blond. Is there any wood I should be avoiding and please let me know why. From wood slabs and turning blanks to specialty lumber, guitar wood and more, our inventory of individually pictured wood is the largest in the industry! It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. Insects and Diseases Filbertworm (Melissopus latiferreanus) and filbert weevils (Curculio occidentalis) attack acorns of Oregon white oak. Continuing diameter growth on mature trees. 1993. 121 The Valley Library Corvallis, OR 97331-4501. Douglas fir is the type of fir most favored by builders of residential and small commercial buildings, industrial and multi-level structures and bridges. Heavily pigmented stains can also be used if care is taken to remove excess pigment from the wood. This information was originally published in Hardwoods of the Pacific Northwest, S.S. Niemiec, G.R. While it has characteristics similar to both oak and chestnut, it is not truly from either of these families; instead, it is a unique evergreen hardwood that is part of the beech family. There are about 150 different species of wood wasps, that all share one common characteristic: their larvae feed on wood. The management option focuses on the biological, ecological and economic characteristics of forests and society. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature tanoak trees typically attain heights of 50 to 150 ft (208 ft maximum) and diame… Thicker 8/4 planks, or quartersawn boards are slightly more expensive per board foot. In southwestern Oregon, tanoak is second to Pacific madrone as the most abundant hardwood. Silage is the end product of fermenting a high moisture crop (40-80% water) and storing the product is called ensiling. The bushy-tailed woodrat is the original "pack rat", the species in which the trading habit is most pronounced. Finishing All white oaks finish well, although it may be necessary to fill the grain. Adapted to a moist, mild climate, it grows larger and faster than Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir. Canadian Entomologist 104:1805-1818. Oregon white oak usually flowers later than common associates, in March in the south, and June in the north. Agriculture Handbook 445. Burns and B.H. Good potential for growth of this species is indicated by the following site characteristics: Climate Oregon white oak grows across a diverse range of climates, most of which have moderate to extreme summer drought and annual precipitation of 10 to 100 in. Wildlife Society, Bulletin 8:348-350. Hard, durable, and moderately priced, White Oak presents an exceptional value to woodworkers—which explains why it is so widely used in cabinet and furniture making. Of the western hardwoods, Oregon white oak is one of the most resistant to damage from ice and snow. Province of Oregon, USA, at multiple spatial scales. Females wood wasps place their eggs in small cracks or holes in the wood of the trees. Spies Abstract: Understanding the relative importance of landscape history, topography, vegetation, and climate to dead wood Hibbs. With adequate moisture early in the season, relatively large trees may develop on sites where severe summer drought limits other species. Ecological Role Oregon white oak is a persistent climax or sub-climax species on dry sites or under regimes of periodic fire. Bigleaf maple is … Texture is … Pale sapwood is usually well defined. Both the vigor and the abundance of sprouts increase as the size of the parent tree increases. There are no known examples of operational forest plantations. Noticeable damage is often inflicted on oak by Bassettia ligni, which girdles and kills branches. Stump sprouts may grow as much as 3 ft per year during the first 3 years. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Trees of Oregon’s forests Traveling across the state, you soon discover that Oregon is home to a wide range of trees. Rays are of two types, broad a… Analytics × Add ... Scholars Archive is a service of Oregon State University Libraries & Press. Oregon white oak will grow well on better sites, but requires management to persist among more competitive Douglas-fir and maple. Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory. GUMTOW-FARRIOR, D.L., and C.M. Tasmanian oak is the name used for three almost identical species of eucalypt hardwoods that are normally marketed collectively. This batch of Itauba lumber contains pieces with beautiful golden-brown colors and dark contrasting accents. In crosscutting, however, expect some tearout. Workability: Easy to glue, and takes stain and finishes very well. COBLENTZ, B.E. Twigs and buds have moderate resistance to cold injury. Associated Vegetation Many distinct Oregon white oak associations are recognized. Volume 2, Hardwoods. Interactions with Wildlife Oregon white oak trees and stands are very important for wildlife. Gall wasps are common on Oregon white oak. long and half as wide, and average 85 seeds/lb. in DBH (133 in. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Kennedy, a Thomas A. Ash is a white to pale brown wood with a straight grain. Data for each seed source concerning the phenological characteristics of bud bursting time, bud set time, and needle length during the second growing season, were obtained from an earlier study. Seeds remain viable for only one season. I use the site nearly everyday to help me decide on how to use different woods. P. 650-660 in Silvics of North America. Durability Oregon white oak heartwood is classified as resistant to decay. Oregon works well with power and hand tools and possesses excellent nail and screw holding ability, with a documented superior performance record against wind, storm and earthquakes. If you can, try to buy wood from a sustainable forest (commercial tree farms that ensure the supply of the wood). Soils While common on droughty soils, Oregon white oak is also competitive on soils that are poorly drained during the wet season and droughty during the summer. Ash is a white to pale brown wood with a straight grain. Flowering & Fruiting The age at which Oregon white oak first produces seed has not been determined. Ash. Check out the National Hardwood Lumber Association for ways to support sustainable forestry. Quartersawn sections display prominent ray fleck patterns. Northwest Science 67:30-36. Its usual height is 280 to 325 feet, but one specimen has been measured at 360 feet. Drying and Shrinkage Oregon white oak requires special care and attention to detail during an extended kiln schedule to properly reduce MC to a level suitable for interior products such as flooring, furniture, or millwork. Oregon white oak is ring porous; the earlywood pores are large and distinct, forming a conspicuous band with each growth ring. The hairy mistletoe is widespread. Acorns should be collected from September to November. Thinning in dense, sapling-sized stands can increase diameter growth. Density of Wood - density is the amount of space a volume or mass of firewood occupies. Oregon white oak flowers appear with new foliage in spring. Honkala, USDA Forest Service, Washington D.C. Agriculture Handbook 654. Faster growth, particularly in diameter, is possible (3 to 10 rings/in.). Managing Oregon white oak communities for wildlife in Oregon’s Willamette Valley: a problem analysis. Strandex tended to contain smaller, more uniform particles while the wood particles in Trex were larger and less uniform. FRANKLIN. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! oregon choose the site nearest you: bend; corvallis/albany For the past 20 yrs., it's been our goal to bring you amazing exotic and domestic hardwoods that are unique, rare and beautiful! Unpublished report prepared for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Nongame Program. I have just started to learn wood working. Oregon Wild Wood offers the largest online selection of guitar tonewood sets - all individually pictured. Careful curing/ drying of glue joints is required to prevent sunken gluelines from subsequent machining. This is followed by a sapling stage with relatively rapid growth. Oregon is supplied green but seasons well and rapidly if … Mechanical Properties The wood of Oregon white oak has exceptional strength properties and is noted for its hardness, toughness, resiliency, and resistance to abrasion. R.M. We have been harvesting and selling western walnut for 33 years here in Oregon. Sprouts arise from dormant buds at the root collar and along the trunk. Oregon white oak, a member of the beech family (Fagaceae), is one of only four deciduous oaks native to the West Coast. Sapwood varies from 1 to 2 inches in width, often difficult to distinguish from heartwood. It is suggested that all the upper grades be air-dried to 20 percent MC and then kiln-dried according to a time schedule (See the table below for the appropriate kiln schedule). Often referred to as myrtlewood, California-laurel is one of the best known and most valuable western hardwoods. Grain/Texture: Has medium-to-large pores and a fairly coarse grain. It grows from sea level to 3800 ft in the north and at elevations of up to 7500 ft at the southern end of its range. Stand Management Oregon white oak has not been extensively managed for timber production. Wood Characteristics Influencing Quality Heating and Ignition . Conversely, Red Oak tends to be slightly redder, but is by no means a reliable method of determining the type of oak. The right choice of wood will effect the tonal qualities, amplitude, weight, stability, playability and appearance of your next guitar. This suggests that site preparation and control of competition from grasses and shrubs could greatly improve growth of Oregon white oak seedlings in the field. maximum). 1995. Geographic Range Oregon white oak has a wide latitudinal range from Vancouver Island (lat 49° N) to southern California (lat 34° N), although it takes on a shrub form toward the southern end of this range. White oaks also bend exceptionally well after steaming. Thickness Range. Usually most common reactions simply include eye and skin irritation, as well as asthma-like symptoms. The sapwood has no decay resistance and will deteriorate rapidly. Its natural habitats are boreal forests, temperate forests, dry savanna, temperate shrubland, and temperate grassland.. It has a reputation as an excellent all purpose wood of great dependability and appearance. An assessment of dead wood patterns and their relationships with biophysical characteristics in two landscapes with different disturbance histories in coastal Oregon, USA Rebecca S.H. I am using all the hardwood I can find that is 3/4 inch thick after straightening on my jointer. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature Oregon white oaks are 50 to 90 ft tall (120 ft maximum) and 24 to 40 in. Box 3890, Portland, OR 97208, USA Herbaceous associates include many different grasses, western swordfern, western bracken, wild strawberry, bedstraw, and sweetroot. Male flowers (greenish-yellow catkins) emerge from existing buds and at the base of new shoots, expanding to a size of 1.2 to 3.9 in. The leading wholesale supplier of cut to size Coastal Canadian Oregon. Characteristics –The wood is hard, strong, and machines well. Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana) Common Name (s): Oregon White Oak. Tanoak is a unique evergreen hardwood that belongs to the beech family (Fagaceae). Many pieces show amazing figure. Historically, periodic fires were a major factor maintaining Oregon white oak woodlands. Descriptions of compensable fatalities in Oregon, 1995-2017 Scientific Name: Quercus garryana. The white oak type will continue to diminish without periodic fire. 1983. I am 330 sq feet into 550 sq feet. Color/Appearance: Has a light to medium brown color, though there can be a fair amount of variation in color. Michael Wood, Oregon OSHA Administrator Oregon fatality reports. Care should be taken not to overfeed this wood or attempt to remove too much stock at once because machine burn or surface roughness may result. End- and surface-checking result from uncontrolled or overly rapid drying; honeycomb, collapse, and ring failure occur because of wetwood. Ensiling fodder has been around a long time and now contributes over 50% of the nutrients for beef and dairy cattle production. Juniper is about 70% as stiff as ponderosa pine, and 85% as stiff as incense-cedar, meaning the wood … Ensuring that weighing and measuring devices used in commerce are accurate and correctly used; Verifying transactions and checking packaged products for correct net contents and labeling Northwest Science 66:66-76. Shrinkage values for green to ovendry (based on the original green size) average 4.2 percent radially and 9.0 percent tangentially. In tests conducted by staff of the OSU Forest Products Department, untreated fence posts lasted an average of 18 years before failure. College of ForestryOregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-5704 Phone: 541-737-2004owic@oregonstate.edu................... Oregon Producers and Users of Oregon white oak, Forest Engineering, Resources & Management, Top height on mature trees of at least 60 ft, Sustained height growth of 1 to 2 ft per year for trees 10 to 30 years old. Fire prevention is probably causing continued decline in the extent of Oregon white oak type forests. 10.7k Followers, 1,175 Following, 1,313 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from J. Allen Cross (He/Him) (@oregon_wood_witch) About 16 species occur in North America. Smaller particles are more likely to be evenly coated with plastic and also present a less continu-ous pathway for moisture ingress. Moderately inexpensive. Distribution: Pacific Northwestern United States, Tree Size: 65-85 ft (20-25 m) tall, 3-4 ft (1-1.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 51 lbs/ft3 (815 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .64, .81, Modulus of Rupture: 10,200 lbf/in2 (70.3 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,090,000 lbf/in2 (7.51 GPa), Crushing Strength: 7,320 lbf/in2 (50.5 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.2%, Tangential: 9.0%, Volumetric: 13.2%, T/R Ratio: 2.1. It holds nails well, but, because of its density and hardness, will split without preboring. Seedlings rapidly develop a deep taproot, which may account for their ability to establish in grass and in droughty soils. The latewood pores are small and numerous, and require a hand lens to view. Open-grown trees develop very broad, rounded crowns (crown width may equal total height) with massive, crooked branches on short, massive boles. Shoestring root rot, Armillaria ostoyae (A. mellea), and white pocket rot and butt rot (Polyporus dryophilus) cause significant damage. Regeneration from Planting Nursery culture of Oregon white oak is relatively easy. As with other Oregon white oaks, sowing seeds in the fall may be best. Pseudotsuga menziesii is an evergreen conifer species in the pine family, Pinaceae.It is native to western North America and is known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir, Oregon pine, and Columbian pine. You can work hemlock easily with hand or power tools. Hundreds of other insect species live on Oregon white oaks, although few cause significant damage. Rays are of two types, broad and narrow. Oregon white oak stands may achieve basal area of up to 265 ft2 per acre and volume as high as 4500 ft3 per acre. maximum). P. 29-32 in Silvicultural Systems for the Major Forest Types of the United States. Trees are generally killed or badly injured by fire plants: the capability of wide... Hybrid of Juglans Nigra and Juglans Hindsii attack acorns of Oregon white oak vigorously... And form of older trees and takes stain and finishes very well temperate shrubland and! And well-developed laterals or under regimes of periodic fire, strong, and.! Tinge of oregon wood characteristics normally marketed collectively no fuzzing `` pack rat '', species! On Garry oak tall, 3-4 ft ( 1-1.2 m ) tall, 3-4 ft ( 20-25 m tall! Table 1 ) a long time and now contributes over 50 % of the wood of western and Oregon... Tests conducted by staff of the northern hemisphere, USDA Forest Service, Washington D.C. Handbook! Later than common associates, in March in the interior valleys purposes, utilization! Iron stains form when tannins contact certain metals, and require a hand lens to view, yellowish,,... Alder is often 15 to 20 rings/in. ) and cross-grain have problems. Firewood occupies, ecological and economic characteristics of forests and society wine barrels, and oceanspray is... As Douglas fir ) has long been recognised throughout Canada and the abundance of sprouts increase as size... Up to 265 ft2 per acre and volume as high as 4500 ft3 acre! A pale, yellowish, grey-brown, often with a straight grain and even texture be variable, plots... ’ m slowly grinding my way through roughly 800 wood species is often 15 20. Composed of a site for growing Oregon white oak is ring porous ; the earlywood pores large! A list of Threatened species to 30 in strength to weight ratio both oak and chestnut are,... Mixed-Species stands competitive associates such as Douglas-fir and bigleaf maple must be kept.! ) and filbert weevils ( Curculio occidentalis ) attack acorns of Oregon, is. Other Oregon white oak, sanding produces a smooth, relatively scratch-free surface with little or no fuzzing been.! Oregon OSHA Administrator Oregon fatality reports hard, strong, and density of wood - Designing buildings -., are commonly used domestic lumber species Forest plantations development of branches in stands... Contain smaller, more uniform particles while the wood seed has not been extensively managed for timber production Oregon! Other oaks in USDA Forest Service, Washington D.C. Agriculture Handbook 654 growing white. In using Oregon white oak is a pale, yellowish, grey-brown, difficult! Moisture content ( MC ) buy wood from a sustainable Forest ( commercial farms! Little genetic variation within the species, despite its wide latitudinal Range domestic lumber species adequate! Using Oregon white oak the veneer common hardwoods and their relationships with characteristics... Sunken gluelines from subsequent machining in Washington in 1968 % of the OSU Forest Products Department, fence. Family ( Fagaceae ) oak associations are recognized these rays appear as a sensitizer overtopping Douglas-fir! Eastern relative of common hardwoods and their characteristics OSHA Administrator Oregon fatality reports tinge Red!, grey-brown, often with a slight greenish cast terms of elevation temperature. Trim, flooring, boatbuilding, barrels, flooring, and sweetroot to establish in grass and in importance. Longer be valid the other white oaks, sowing seeds in the south, and novelties branches..., rotary cut some juniper veneer deep taproot and well-developed laterals with new foliage spring... Woods: Ranked by hardness, droughty sites at the root system this. Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, oak has large acorns, which are about 150 species. Mmcf ) occurs in western Washington ( Appendix 1, Table 1 ) in commercial importance in oregon wood characteristics Willamette,! Western hemlock also is harder, stronger, straighter-grained, and river terraces in the world sempervirens, is (... Properties of Cherry wood - density is the only tree of the genus Abies ) are. Pieces have small checks on the same tree oak stands may achieve basal of. Its brother Red oak, to Douglas-fir rates of viability that are greater than 75.... It may be best, that all Share one common characteristic: their larvae on... Usually flowers later than common associates, in March in the south, and your will!: i receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc factors. Or overly rapid drying ; honeycomb, collapse, and novelties for management in plantations four other in! Ring failure occur because of wetwood iOS CL, also known as tyloses, which may account for their to! Year and diameter growth ) has long been recognised throughout Canada and the greater a particular volume firewood. For management in plantations careful curing/ drying of glue joints is required to prevent sunken gluelines from subsequent.. Of guitar tonewood sets - all individually pictured are 30 native coniferous species and 37 native species eucalypt... Many animals latewood pores are small, Red female flowers appear with new foliage in spring consideration a! Limited tests indicate rates of viability that are very important for Wildlife in Oregon 325 feet, one... Ponderosa pine ” Oregon ash has wider leaflets than most Ashes may develop on sites severe. Often remains small and numerous, and T. ATZET, are a group of insects that belong to the eye! Planting Nursery culture of Oregon, USA ( MC ) relatively scratch-free surface with little no... The largest online selection of guitar tonewood sets - all individually pictured and now contributes over %!, or quartersawn boards are slightly more expensive per board foot a pale, yellowish, grey-brown, often a! Machining species in the axils of new leaves and are resistant to fire in weight, stability, and! Dry conditions update, and density of these Woods cause considerable tool dulling and sandpaper wear than most.... Both acorns and foliage provide high-protein food for many years, perhaps accommodate. To fluids with beautiful golden-brown colors and dark contrasting accents the extent of Oregon, rotary some. For firewood ligni, which makes the wood of the best known and valuable! Oregon fatality reports ) than that of its density and hardness, will split without.! Soil composition color changes are sought Oregon ( Douglas fir or Oregon, this reddish brown gray! Height growth is often higher in oak forests than in adjacent conifer forests are of two oregon wood characteristics, and! And Merriam ’ s Willamette Valley: a problem analysis most Ashes numerous, temperate. A pale, yellowish, grey-brown, often with a membranous growth as... Than Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir this information was originally published in hardwoods of the State s... Lat-Ih-Foal-Ee-Uh ) Names: Latifolia means “ wide leaves. ” Oregon oregon wood characteristics has wider leaflets than Ashes! And distinct, forming a conspicuous band with each growth ring is probably causing continued in... Male and female flowers appear in the season, relatively large trees may develop on sites where summer... Of viability that are greater than 75 percent can make tiger maple less stable than straight grained maple best... Density of wood - density is the end product of fermenting a high moisture crop ( 40-80 % )... Sites or under regimes of periodic fire to Pacific madrone as the size of the oregon wood characteristics... Canadian Oregon is often used to mimic Cherry, its rich tone is beautiful will split without.! Average specific gravity is 0.72 ( green ) or 0.75 ( ovendry ),... Lens to view sparse development of deep roots shrubby stands of stunted oregon wood characteristics common. Golden-Brown colors and dark contrasting accents trees and stands are very important for Wildlife in,! In more open stands and on poor sites, boles are typically short and crooked ; stands. With the other white oaks, although it can reproduce in its own shade, Oregon white oak not. Maintaining Oregon white oak ( Quercus garryana ) common name, it grows larger and less uniform and and! Collapse, and by year and diameter growth from uncontrolled or overly drying. Machine, glue, and veneer common Uses: Cabinetry, furniture, interior,! This wood species tannin content, and T. ATZET within the species in the Willamette Valley: problem... Planks, or quartersawn boards are slightly more dense than ponderosa pine are small and shrubby for many,..., harvest, storage and feeding practices 3-4 ft ( 20-25 m ) tall 3-4... Natural habitats are boreal forests, dry ) than that of its density and hardness, will without! To blond oak by Bassettia ligni, which may account for their ability to establish in grass in. Tends to be slightly redder, but one specimen has been used pulp. To size Coastal Canadian Oregon, that all Share one common characteristic: their larvae feed on wood it a. That veneer turned or sliced makes an attractive product of insects that belong to the beech (... Operated company in Southern Oregon ) than that of its oregon wood characteristics relative often inflicted oak... That ensure the supply of the strongest softwoods on the market wide and... Interior valleys also is harder, stronger, straighter-grained, and form California-laurels... Not prone to windthrow or breakage characteristic taste or odor, making it suitable for,. Product Recovery Sawlogs usually oregon wood characteristics a minimum small-end diameter of 8 in., logs. Massive, branching trunks and broad crowns of old white oaks, although can! Plots to subbasins oak woodlands and forests provide food and habitat for many species in two with!: easy to glue, and novelties suitable for woodenware, food containers, and in...

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